Veterinary Gynaecology and Obstertrics

About Department

The Department of Veterinary Gynaecology and Obstetrics started functioning as an independent department in 1972. The department is actively involved in teaching, research and different types of extension activities. The department has the mandate for teaching and research in various disciplines of the subject viz Gynaecology, Obstetrics and Andrology, apart from providing clinical service to the livestock owners in the teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex of the College. The teaching programme of the department has been planned to impart effective practical training to the undergraduate and postgraduate students.

The faculty members of the department actively participate in the clinical and infertility camps being organized in rural areas of the Haryana state for the benefit of livestock owners. These camps also help in providing practical training to students and interns. Trainings are also organized on different aspects of animal reproduction for the field veterinarians of Haryana State and other states as and when required.

Radio and TV talks on the common reproductive problems and their managements are delivered by the faculty members from time to time for the benefit of farmers. Popular articles in hindi are also published for creating awareness amongst the livestock owner.

The department has a well established ultrasonography unit for providing diagnostic services for small and large animals. This facility is routinely used by the postgraduate students of the department as well as other departments for the research work. Trainings are being organized on "Ultrasonographic imaging" for the field Veterinarians and faculty members of State Agricultural Universities from time to time.

Head of the Department :
Dr. Anand Kumar Pandey

Phone (O): 01662-256112









Mission: The main mission of the department is to provide expert hand, latest diagnostic technologies related to Theriogenology and dissemination of scientific knowledge to the stakeholders.


  1. Teaching: Undergraduate and post graduate teaching.
  2. Research: Research in Animal Reproduction, Gynaecology, Obstetrics, Semen biology and assisted reproductive technologies.
  3. Extension: Transfer of scientific knowledge through trainings and infertility camps to farmers.
  4. Clinical Services: Diagnostic and reproductive health management services to the animals in the university clinics and other farms of the state.

Thrust area:

  1. To improve diagnostics for reproductive ailments in animals.
  2. Need based training programmes for field veterinarians, livestock farmers and interns.
  3. To propagate the elite germplasm through assisted reproductive technologies in indigenous breeds of cattle and Murrah buffalo.


Dr. Anand Kumar Pandey Associate professor cum Head View Details
Dr. R. A. Luthra Consultant Faculty View Details
Dr. J. B. Phogat Professor cum HOD, VCC  View Details
Dr. Sandeep Kumar (Panihar) Assistant Professor View Details
Dr. Ravi Dutt Assistant Professor View Details

Supporting staff

Sh. Vichitra Singh Clerk
Sh. Mukesh Saini Assistant (Working in O/o CVU) 
Sh. Sombeer Sharma Lab. Assistant (Working in CCL)
Sh. Ram Avtar Beldar
Sh. Virender Attendant (Outsourcing)

Major Achievements

  • Anoestrus was found to be the major cause of infertility in cows and buffaloes. The most common cause of anoestrus was smooth ovaries due to nutritional deficiency.
  • To overcome the problem of summer anestrous different regimens of Crestar in postpartum anestrus buffaloes were evaluated and observed that with 1.5 and 2 ear implants estrus response (100%) and conception rates(40%) were higher than those animals treated with single ear implants.
  • Administration of progesterone at the dose rate of 500 mg subcutaneous with 1000 or 1500 I.U of ECG injected seven days later proved to be very effective in inducing fertile estrus in anestrus buffaloes.
  • Controlled internal drug release device (CIDR) alongwith 500 I.U. of ECG for induction of cyclicity in non-cycling Murrah heifers and buffaloes during breeding and non-breeding season was found to be very effective as the estrus response was 100% during both seasons with overall conception rate of 70%. CIDR was also found to be quite effective for induction of cyclicity in Sahiwal cows.
  • Ovsynch protocol (GnRH-PGF2 alpha GnRH) successfully reduced calving to conception interval in 60-70% of post-partum buffaloes.
  • Estrus was also induced in lactational and anestrus mares using CIDR alongwith PGF2 alpha and with or without hCG. An estrus response of about 87% was observed in treated mares , however the conception rate at the induced estrous was very low.
  • Luprostiol at the lower dose rate of 7.5 mg i.m. in double dose schedule administered 10 days apart, was found to be as effective as the normal recommended doze of 15 mg. for induction and synchronizing of estrus in subfertile cows.
  • Low plasma calcium levels and elevated estrogen levels were associated with antepartum prolapse of vagina in buffaloes. Administration of calcium in the initial stages appeared useful in prevention of its reoccurrence. Among the various methods of treatment in clinical cases, modified Buhner’s technique gave best results.
  • Incidence of uterine torsion was found to be 40% of the dystocia cases in buffaloes.
  • Technique of caesarean section in buffaloes has been standardized
  • Fertility, fecundity and prolificacy was significantly higher during breeding seasons in ewes when estrous was induced and synchronized with synthetic progestogen impregnated intra vaginal sponges.
  • Pregnancy rates of 50 to 70 percent were obtained thereby enhancing reproductive and productive potential of infertile ewes treated with either ear implants or vaginal sponges along with an injection of 500 I.U. of PMSG post-device removal.
  • Synchronization and superovulatory response was achieved by synchromate-B, FSH(E) and GnRH regimen in ewes during breeding and non-breeding season. Average recovery and transferable class of embryo was slightly higher during the breeding season.
  • Histologically, complete uterine involution in goats was evident by 26th day post-kidding. Follicular development accompanied by estrus was recorded by day 5 post-kidding.
  • A single intraepididymal injection of 4.5% chlorhexidine gluconate resulted into fibrous tissue proliferation and blockage in cauda epididymides resulting into permanent sterility in dogs.
  • Ultrasonography was used in Sahiwal cows to diagnose pregnancy and monitor fetal development. Diagnosis of pregnancy was possible with ultrasonography on day 22 after mating, but fetal heart beat was noticed on day 29 and this seems to be the period when earliest pregnancy can be diagnosed in cattle. Ultrasonographic studies on fetal development has also been carried out in sheep, goat bitches and mares.
  • Department has a well established Ultrasonographic unit for imparting trainings, conducting research and clinical service.
  • The department has developed facilities and teaching material for providing training to the field Veterinarians.
  • Polymorphism of MTNR1A gene was significantly associated with seasonal reproduction in Murrah buffaloes and melatonin in the follicular fluid acts as a potent antioxidant and protects oocytes from free radical induced DNA damage.
  • Melatonin treatment followed by Ovsynch protocol in summer anestrous Murrah heifers resulted in higher reproductive efficiency than the heifers treated with Ovsynch only.
  • The incidence of late embryonic mortality observed at cattle farm of LUVAS was 3.77 % (2/53).
  • Semen dilution upto 2 million spermatozoa per insemination doses significantly (p<0.05) increased mitochondrial superoxide production, whereas, low density lipoprotein extender minimized the superoxide production by mitochondria better than OptiXcell and egg yolk extender. Further, conception rate was not affected upto 12 million spermatozoa per insemination dose but 2 million spermatozoa per insemination dose resulted in significant reduction in conception rate in low density lipoprotein extender, OptiXcell and egg yolk extender.
  • The estrus synchronization protocol consisting of AVIKESIL-S plus eCG 200IU resulted in better estrus synchronization rate with shorter interval to onset of estrus, highest overall pregnancy rate with more prolificacy and fecundity than G-P-G protocol both during breeding and non-breeding season in cross-bred ewes.
  • Modified Co-synch protocol following progesterone supplementation during non-breeding season results in better estrus induction and acceptable conception rate in anestrous buffaloes under field conditions.
  • There is stress on the heart as all major heart parameters were affected from mid pregnancy onwards and the effects continued till 3 weeks post kidding. Blood cortisol increases with advancement of pregnancy and decreases after kidding.

Post graduate students

1. Sonu Kumari PhD Student
2. Vinay Yadav PhD Student
3. Gitesh Saini PhD Student
4. Hitesh PhD Student
5. Sukhbir Ravish M.V.Sc. Student
6. Sujata M.V.Sc. Student
7. Usha M.V.Sc. Student
8. Mohit M.V.Sc. Student
9. Pradeep M.V.Sc. Student
10. Anupma M.V.Sc. Student
11. Ritu M.V.Sc. Student
12. Rashmi M.V.Sc. Student

Research Projects

Ongoing projects
  • Size-specific follicles selection and identification of non-invasive biomarkers of oocyte competence and embryo development in buffalo (2022-23 to 2024-25)
  • Implementation of Embryo transfer and in-vitro fertilization technologies for bovine breeding (2018 -ongoing)
  • Ozone therapy in treatment of sub-clinical endometritis in repeat breeding buffaloes (2020-23)
Completed projects
  • Establishment of Embryo Transfer-In–Vitro Fertilization (IVF) Laboratory and production of High Genetic IVF Embryos from indigenous cattle breeds (2018 - ongoing)
  • Characterization of the Murrah buffaloes based on melatonin receptor (MTNR1A) gene polymorphism and its association with reproductive seasonality (2016- 2018) funded by HSCST, Panchkula.
  • Transfer of Ultrasound Knowledge from lab to Farmers’ doorstep (2015-18) funded by RKVY
  • Diagnosis of infertility owing to hormonal imbalance and optimizing fertility through hormonal approaches in dairy animals (2014-17) funded by RKVY.
  • Development of Mechanised detorsion device to correct uterine torsion in buffalo sponsored by Director of Agriculture, Haryana (2010-2011) 
  • Improving economy of farmers through very early assessment of pregnancy and understanding the causes of infertility & solving the problem in buffaloes sponsored by Director of Agriculture, Haryana (2009-2011)
  • Investigation in to the causes of infertility and sterility in cattle and buffaloes and prevention thereof in the State of Haryana. Government of Haryana, Non-plan1974-2003
  • Incidence and field management of infertility in cattle and buffaloes in rural Haryana, India, Fort Valley State College, USA, 1987-1989
  • Studies on uterine torsion in buffaloes, Government of Haryana (7th plan) 1985-1991
  • Studies on the ante-partum prolapse of vagina in buffaloes, Government of Haryana (6th plan) 1979-1986

P.G. Thesis